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Rabbit food for your rabbit

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Rabbit food must be balanced and adapted to the sensitive digestive system of the rabbit. The diet should be nutritious and high in fiber. That is why you have come to the right place for food for your Rabbit at DRD Rodent Shop®!
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Rabbit food must be balanced and adapted to the sensitive digestive system of the rabbit. The diet should be nutritious and high in fiber. That is why you have come to the right place for food for your Rabbit at DRD Rodent Shop ®!

Our specialization is your advantage when it comes to rodents and rabbits, but especially when it comes to rabbit food. Not all brands get a place on our shelves and that is for a reason. Because rabbit food is so important for rabbits, we only offer the best food. In addition, we have high requirements when it comes to food and it must be fresh, have a long shelf life and meet the nutritional needs of the rabbit.

Rabbits are small, folivorous/herbivorous (plant-eating) mammals and belong to the lagomorph order. They are mainly active at dusk and at night, very sociable and live in nature in social groups. Even if they are kept as pets, they should certainly not be left alone. They feel best as a pair (a neutered male and a female) or also in larger groups. Like all small mammals, rabbits have special nutritional needs. The digestive system is especially important for a healthy and vital life.

Rabbit nutrition guide

Rabbits need a low-energy and fiber-rich diet. A rabbit's digestive system is designed to digest fiber-rich food. The digestion of food mainly takes place in the large intestine. Hay must be available indefinitely because a rabbit must always be able to eat. A rabbit's gastrointestinal tract is passive and weakly muscled. The gut does not make peristaltic movements to push the food slurry. The food mash must be propelled by the cash intake of food.

A diet that is too high in energy can cause the rabbit to have too long 'eating breaks'. In nature, a rabbit eats 80 to 120 small meals a day! A rabbit is also busy eating for a very large part of the day.

Rabbit food & fiber

Fiber is very important. If the chunk contains too little fiber, this can cause the intestines to work more slowly. This slower bowel function can then cause hairballs and diarrhea. There can never be too much fiber in the feed. Fiber is therefore important for good digestion. Always keep in mind that in addition to fiber from the kibble, rabbits also need long fibers from hay. A lump can never replace hay. Structure-rich fibers from hay ensure that the rabbit has to chew for a long time. This chewing wears down the molars. This is very important because the molars continue to grow for a lifetime. Too long molars cause pain and can cause the rabbit to eat less hay, for example, with all the consequences for the digestive system. In addition, prolonged chewing ensures that enzymes in the saliva already start digestion. Fiber is also crucial for the fermentation process in the caecum.

Rabbit food & protein

In addition to fiber, rabbits need protein. Protein is mainly used for muscle building. Young and old rabbits need slightly more protein than adult rabbits. Too little protein is therefore not good for the muscles. However, too much protein is also not good. If the rabbit ingests too much protein, it may no longer eat the cecum droppings. This can cause the rabbit to get diarrhea and sticky poop. The smallest fiber components are broken down in the appendix. The rabbit uses this to extract energy from the remains that are still present in the appendix. In the appendix, a stool is produced that is rich in vitamins and protein. This special stool from the appendix is eaten by the rabbit directly from the anus. This appendix faeces is then digested in the small intestine where the vitamins and protein are absorbed.

Rabbit Food & Calcium

Calcium is important for teeth and the skeleton. However, too much calcium is quickly harmful. Too much calcium can cause a rabbit to develop bladder stones. A rabbit's calcium metabolism is different from that of many other mammals. In a rabbit, an excess of calcium is excreted by the kidneys and urinary tract. An excess of calcium can lead to bladder stones. This is a problem that cannot be reversed with power supply. The rabbit will need surgery by a vet to remove the bladder stones. Adult rabbits need a calcium content of 0.6% in their diet. The calcium/phosphorus ratio should be between 1.5:1 and 2:1.

Rabbit food & fats

The rabbit needs essential fatty acids. However, too much fat is not good. Too much fat can cause digestive problems.

Rabbits Teeth

There are two incisors in each upper and lower jaw. The two additional pin teeth behind the upper incisors have no function whatsoever. The rabbit's incisors and molars have one thing in common: they continue to grow for life, up to 8 mm per month.

That means:

a) the position of the teeth must be correct so that tooth wear is possible and the teeth do not grow uncontrollably.

b) the choice of feed is a very important factor for the optimal wear of the incisors and molars. A rough fiber structure is necessary

The stomach of rabbits

Rabbits have a so-called 'full stomach'. Their stomach is not very muscular and therefore cannot independently transport the food to the next part of the intestine.

This is supposedly taken over by the following food portions.

This also explains why rabbits consume an average of 80-120 small portions per day.

These portions should be adapted to the maintenance needs of adult animals or to the growth of young rabbits. So you can avoid digestive problems and obesity.

Rabbit's Appendix

The large cecum is the so-called fermentation chamber. This is where the fine dietary fibers go, which are converted into proteins, vitamin B complex and vitamin K by special bacteria.

The cecum droppings (grape-shaped and surrounded by a mucus layer) come out of the cecum, which are reabsorbed by rabbits. This is a natural process that is very important for health

Calcium - Phosphorus

Rabbits have a special calcium metabolism. In the body, calcium is mainly found in the bones and teeth. Calcium supply through food is therefore particularly important to keep the animal healthy.

However, an increased calcium level in adult rabbits can lead to bladder stones or even bladder stones, as this is excreted in the urine. Therefore, the choice of the right nutritional components is important.

Optimal calcium content in the basic food

  • Young animals: 0.9%*
  • Adult animals: 0.6%


*Young animals require a higher calcium content compared to adult rabbits due to their unfinished growth.

Importance of the crude fiber-starch ratio

Crude fiber : Crude fiber is very important for the health of rabbits: for digestion, for the cecum and with their rough fiber structure for tooth wear. Good food should consist of about 20% crude fiber.

Starch : Starch is mainly an energy supplier and must be present in the feed to a limited extent. With good feed, the guideline value is below 7% starch. Moreover, the energy supply can be described as sub-optimal.

A shift in the crude fiber-starch ratio can lead to long-term health damage:

  • Too little raw fiber leads to intestinal inertia, changes in the intestinal flora and disturbed functioning of the cecum.
  • Too much starch leads to eating breaks, changes in the intestinal flora, swelling, diarrhoea, fermentation, obesity. When you take these arguments into account, it becomes clear why vets recommend a minimum crude fiber to starch ratio of 3:1.


How do I know how much starch my food contains?

In addition, the composition is very useful: whole grains (with starchy flour body), field beans, potatoes or peas are an indication that a higher starch content must be taken into account.

Natural rabbit food

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