Information about the rabbit!

Everything You Need to Know About Rabbits: A Complete Guide

Welcome to the comprehensive guide to rabbits, where we delve deep into every aspect of keeping these charming and intelligent pets. Whether you're a novice rabbit owner or a seasoned rabbit lover, here you'll find everything you need to keep your furry friends happy and healthy. Let's dive into the wonderful world of rabbits together!

Chapter 1: Getting to know the Rabbit

1.1 The Personality of Rabbits

Rabbits are known for their lively personalities. They are active, intelligent and social. It is important to understand that rabbits are group animals and prefer to be kept together. Keeping multiple rabbits allows them to express their natural social behavior, such as playing together, grooming each other and seeking attention.

1.2 Physical Characteristics and Behavior

Rabbits belong to the lagomorph family and are distinguished from rodents by two extra pin teeth behind their upper incisors. With their distinctive long ears, strong hind legs and soft fur, rabbits are not only cute to look at, but also fascinating in their behavior. They are agile and fast, which helps them in their daily activities.

1.3 Lifespan of Rabbits

In captivity, rabbits live on average between 8 and 10 years, but with proper care they can live even longer. Understanding the life expectancy of rabbits helps plan their long-term care.

Chapter 2: Rabbits in their Natural Environment

2.1 The Wild Rabbit

Rabbits have a rich history in the wild, where they live in large groups. Their natural habitat includes grasslands, dunes and heathlands. Exploring their wild origins helps understand their natural behavior and needs.

2.2 Territory and Hierarchy

In the wild, rabbits mark their territory using scent glands and live in strict hierarchies. Understanding these social structures is essential to creating a healthy and happy environment for rabbits in captivity.

2.3 Lifestyle and Behavior

Digging complex burrows with multiple exits, eating and playing above ground, and afternoon naps are all characteristic behaviors of wild rabbits. Mimicking these natural behaviors in captivity is crucial to the well-being of our pets.

Chapter 3: Various Rabbit Breeds

3.1 An Overview of Rabbit Breeds

With over 50 different rabbit breeds, there is a wide range of choices for every rabbit lover. From dwarf rabbits to giant breeds, each breed has unique characteristics and traits.

3.2 External Differences and Behavioral Characteristics

In addition to variations in color and size, different rabbit breeds also exhibit different behaviors. Understanding these behavioral traits is essential in choosing the right breed to suit your lifestyle and preferences.

3.3 Behavior of Dwarf Rabbits versus Large Breeds

Small breeds, such as dwarf rabbits, often have lively personalities, while larger breeds may be calmer. Dealing with these behavioral differences is important to develop a strong bond with your rabbit.

Chapter 4: Rabbit Room and Rabbit Housing

4.1 The Rabbit Room: An Ideal Living Environment

Instead of traditional rabbit cages, consider setting up a special rabbit room. This offers more space and stimulates natural behavior. Designing a rabbit room requires attention to details such as height, safety and space to play.

The rabbit toilet

rabbit toilet for your rabbit Rabbits are clean animals and also toilet trained! They prefer to do their business in one permanent place in the enclosure, preferably in a corner. Keep the corners of the enclosure clear, especially in the beginning. As soon as you find out in which corner the rabbits have made their toilet, place a rabbit toilet there. To help the rabbits with toilet training, it is advisable to put the droppings that the rabbits leave in other places in the toilet, especially in the beginning. This way, the animals know quickly enough what the intention is. In a large rabbit hutch with a run, you can also leave out the bedding and choose to only put bedding in the toilet. This saves money and helps the animals even better with toilet training!

NB! Never use clumping cat litter! This can cause blockages in the intestines if it is eaten.

4.2 Space needs and layout

Rabbits need plenty of space to run, play and explore. Furnishing the rabbit's room with gnawing material, hiding places and toys is vital for their well-being.

4.3 Indoor and Outdoor Enclosures

Most rabbit breeds can be kept indoors or outdoors. Choosing the right type of enclosure depends on factors such as weather, available space and the specific rabbit breed.

4.4 Tips for a Safe Outdoor Run

An outdoor run offers rabbits the opportunity to enjoy the fresh air. Safely designing an outdoor run is essential to keep predators out and provide your rabbits with a safe play space.

Chapter 5: Rabbit Room Layout and Ground Cover

5.1 Choosing the Right Ground Cover

Choosing the right bedding for the rabbit room is crucial. Skid resistance is essential to prevent slipping, especially on smooth floors such as laminate. Consider using floor mats to create a comfortable and safe environment.

5.2 Enrichment and Toys

Rabbits are curious creatures that need mental and physical stimulation. Adding enrichment activities and appropriate toys contributes to a happy rabbit life.

5.3 Night shelter and shelter options

A night cage offers rabbits a safe place to retreat. It should be cozy and easily accessible, especially for rabbits kept outdoors.

The rabbit house

rabbit house information for your rabbit The rabbit house is not missing in the accommodation. Rabbits like to be able to withdraw their sight. They like to do this by lying under or in something. A house gives them the peace and quiet they need to take their nap in the afternoon. A night cage is sufficient for outdoor rabbits.

Chapter 6: Nail Care, Brushing and Handling Rabbits

6.1 Nail care

Regular nail care is essential to prevent painful problems. Learn how to clip your rabbit's nails in a safe and stress-free way.

The rabbit's nails should be checked regularly and if they are too long they should be trimmed. There are special rabbit nail clippers for this. Be careful not to cut the life of the nail. This is the part of the nail through which the blood vessels and nerves run. It is extremely painful if you cut this! With light rabbit nails you can see the life running through the nail, cut off the nail above that. With dark-colored nails the life is almost invisible, so you can use the coat border as a guideline. If you find it scary to cut the nails yourself, visit a rabbit groomer or the vet. These people can show you how to do it so you can do it yourself later!

6.2 Brushing and Coat Care

rabbit care for your rabbit Brushing is important, especially during the shedding period, to prevent tangles and keep the coat healthy. Find out which type of brush is best for your rabbit breed.

Some rabbits need thorough brushing, especially during the moulting period! Short-haired rabbits especially need to be brushed when they are moulting. The long-haired rabbits should always be brushed regularly because their coat becomes matted easily. Preventing tangles is much more pleasant for you and your rabbit than solving them! A comb and soft brush are ideal for brushing rabbits. During the daily cuddle session you can use your hands to check the fur for tangles. If you feel one, grab it immediately to prevent worse. Don't forget the butt and tail, where the coat often becomes matted quickly. Be careful around the tail.

It can sometimes be an advantage to clip long-haired rabbit breeds once every two months. You can do this yourself with special rabbit scissors or have it done at a rabbit groomer. Pay attention to the face and be well informed how short you can cut the coat. If you cut the coat too short or incorrectly, coat problems can arise.

6.3 Dealing with Rabbits

Rabbits are generally less fond of being picked up, but they do enjoy petting. Learn how to interact with rabbits in a respectful manner, taking into account their individual personalities.

This is how we lift rabbits

The head should be pointed towards you so that the rabbit can see you. Then place one hand around his ass and slide your other hand under his chest. You can now lift the rabbit and lay it against you, preferably with its head under your arm. This way you have a stable hold on the rabbit and he feels safe because he lies against your body.

A rabbit that struggles a lot or is not used to being picked up and reacts wildly can best be picked up in the following way: To pick up the rabbit as safely as possible, it is best to grab the skin between the shoulder blades. Not to be confused with the skin in the net, that is not necessary, really between the shoulder blades and with the other hand under the butt you can pick up the rabbit and place it against your body again.

NB! Never pick up a rabbit by its ears. This is sometimes depicted in cartoons, but it is animal unfriendly and painful for the animals.

To pet? Please! Lift? No thanks!

It is good to know that most rabbits do not like to be picked up. If you take this into account when dealing with the animals, they will appreciate it! Rabbits that are really anxious may bite when picked up or thrash their hind legs very hard. This can cause them to scratch and hurt you, but even worse, they can even break their back if they struggle too hard! If you pick up your rabbit, you must do so very carefully, making sure that your hind legs are properly secured.

Chapter 7: Rabbit Nutrition

7.1 The Importance of a Good Diet

Rabbits are herbivores and need a diet high in fiber. Hay forms the basis of their diet and must be available at all times. Find out how to provide a balanced diet that meets your rabbit's nutritional needs.

A rabbit is a herbivore, which means herbivore. Rabbits therefore need plant-based food with a lot of fiber. The best source of fiber is hay . Therefore, always give your rabbit enough hay. A good benchmark is to give a tuft of hay per day that is the same size as the rabbit itself. Both hay and straw contain fiber, but straw has almost no nutritional value, which is why hay is always preferred.

Grass and vegetables also contain a lot of fiber, but before the rabbit can eat this, it must get used to this food. Build this up slowly. Rabbits should not be fed just any vegetable. Gas-forming greens are especially bad for them. This includes cabbages and leeks. Other vegetables such as endive, carrot tops, radish leaves and chicory are fine. They can also have fruit, but not too often. Fruit contains sugars that can cause animals to become overweight. In addition, sugars are not processed properly by the gastrointestinal tract.

In addition to hay, rabbits also need rabbit food in the form of hard food. Here we have the choice of mixed food and all-in-one chunks. The big advantage of all-in-one chunks such as biks is that the rabbits cannot eat selectively. Some rabbits eat selectively and only pick the tasty things from the food, which can cause nutritional deficiencies, vitamin deficiencies, overweight or underweight. Whichever rabbit food you choose, we prefer the highest fiber content. Hay should always be the main food!

The amount of hard food that should be given may differ per food brand. This largely depends on the composition of the feed. Therefore, always look carefully at the back of the packaging where the manufacturer provides nutritional advice. In addition, you also have to make a good assessment yourself, because an active outdoor rabbit needs more food than a quiet indoor rabbit. Different life stages can also play a role. Consider, for example, young animals, pregnant and lactating rabbits and of course the older rabbit. All these groups have different nutritional needs. Fortunately, there is special food for all these phases of life. You can also weigh the rabbits for the first time and keep track of the weight.

Did you know that rabbits eat their night droppings? The cecal droppings. We call that with a very expensive word: "Coprophagia". The animals do this to extract all their nutrients, especially vitamin B12, from their diet. Rabbits eat these droppings directly from their anus. They are small shiny droppings. If you often find these in the enclosure, there is a good chance that your bunny is getting too much food.

7.2 Suitable Fruits and Vegetables

In addition to hay, rabbits can enjoy a variety of fruits and vegetables.

7.3 Rabbit food and rodent material

rabbit food for your rabbit Rabbit food is an important part of a rabbit's diet. Provide a diet with a high fiber content and avoid overfeeding to prevent obesity. Also offer safe gnawing material to satisfy the natural gnawing need.

Gnawing material for rabbits - gnawing wood

Rabbits may not belong to the rodent group... they like to gnaw! In fact, they really need it. Rabbits' teeth continue to grow throughout their lives and must wear properly to prevent dental problems. Good rabbit gnawing material is: Willow branches, Hazelnut branches, Apple tree branches, Linden, Blackthorn, Blackcurrant, Echinacea branches, Hemp branches.

The old-fashioned lime gnawing stone is not recommended as gnawing material. This can cause health problems. You will therefore not find this stone in our range. Fortunately, there are now healthy rabbit gnaws available made from corn, which are safe to give. However, the branches are preferable, in addition to gnawing, it is a fun pastime for the animals and they also get extra fiber.

Chapter 8: Keeping Rabbits Healthy: Vaccinations and Disease Prevention

8.1 Myxomatosis and VHD (RHD)

Myxomatosis and Viral Hemorrhagic Syndrome (Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease - RHD) are serious diseases in rabbits. Vaccination is an effective way to prevent these diseases. Learn about the symptoms, preventative measures and the importance of regular vet visits.

8.2 General Health Checks

Regular health checks are essential to detect any health problems early. Learn what to look out for and how to monitor the overall health of your rabbit.

You can recognize a healthy rabbit by its active and alert attitude, clean eyes, clean and dry coat. You can recognize a sick rabbit by the following symptoms: lethargic and listless behavior, not eating, dirty eyes, dirty nose, dirty fur around the butt, drooling, itching, bald spots, tilted head.

If you have such symptoms, always take your rabbit to the vet. If you see this when purchasing, do not buy the animal.

In addition, droppings are an important pillar when it comes to your rabbit's health. Small hard droppings indicate a blockage or insufficient food. Soft or even wet stools can be an indication of intestinal complaints. In most cases, incorrect nutrition or a food switch that is too quick is the culprit.

Is your rabbit not eating? Then you need to go to the vet immediately! A rabbit cannot survive for too long without food; even a day can be life-threatening or fatal. Supplementary feeding is almost always necessary in such a case. Not wanting to eat can be caused by various things, including intestinal complaints, dental problems, pain, stress, etc. Dental problems are common, such as incorrectly growing teeth and molars. In that case, a veterinarian should always be consulted.

There are also two particularly dangerous and contagious diseases in rabbits. These are Myxomatosis and VHD (RHD). These two are almost always fatal for the rabbit. VHD spreads very quickly and easily. Vaccination is highly recommended by veterinarians. We know of two virus variants of VHD in the Netherlands. There is a vaccine against myxomatosis and VHD type 1 that is given annually. Vaccination against VHD type 2 must be carried out every six months or annually. The latter depends on the vaccine.

8.3 Hygiene and Cleaning

A clean living environment is crucial for the health of rabbits. Discover the correct methods for cleaning the enclosure and how to maintain hygiene.

How often you have to clean the coop depends very much on how you have decorated it and what bedding you use. For example, if you have no floor covering, but only a toilet, you will be done quickly and you only have to change the toilet every few days. Clean the drinking bottle regularly and watch out for algae growth. This can happen both indoors and outdoors. There are special thermal covers that prevent algae growth in the drinking bottle. For outdoor rabbits, it is very important to keep the cage hygienic so that no flies are attracted to it. Use safe cleaning agents and rinse cleaned parts thoroughly with water.

For urine deposits you can use CSI Urine Spray or Eco Pets Urine Bust . These products are safe and remove urine by using a special composition of enzymes.

Chapter 9: Reproduction and Breeding

9.1 Gender determination and castration/sterilization

Understanding sexual characteristics is important to prevent unwanted reproduction. Consider spaying or neutering to reduce health problems and prevent unwanted behavioral problems.

9.2 Pregnancy and Birth

If you choose to breed rabbits, it is crucial to know what to expect during pregnancy and birth. Provide a safe and comfortable environment for the mother rabbit and her young.

9.3 Care for Newborn Rabbits

Newborn rabbits require specific care and attention. Learn about proper feeding, temperature requirements and other aspects of caring for young rabbits.

Chapter 10: Behavioral Problems and Solutions

10.1 Common Behavioral Problems

From gnawing to digging, rabbits can exhibit a variety of behavioral problems. Identify the causes behind common behavioral problems and discover effective solutions.

10.2 Anxiety and Stress in Rabbits

Rabbits are sensitive creatures prone to anxiety and stress. Understand the causes of anxiety and stress and discover ways to provide a comforting environment.

10.3 The Importance of Socialization

Socialization is crucial for rabbits, especially when they are young. Learn how to build a strong bond with your rabbits through positive interactions and attention.

Chapter 11: Traveling with Rabbits

11.1 Preparation for Travel

Whether you're making a quick trip to the vet or planning a longer trip, it's essential to prepare properly for traveling with rabbits. Learn what precautions you need to take to make the trip as stress-free as possible.

11.2 Safe Transportation

Choosing the right means of transport and providing a safe travel environment are of great importance. Find out which modes of transport are suitable for rabbits and how to ensure their safety while traveling.

11.3 Tips for On the Road

Traveling can be stressful for rabbits, but there are several ways to improve the travel experience. Learn how to make the travel environment more comfortable and minimize stress.

Chapter 12: Education and Training of Rabbits

12.1 Intelligence of Rabbits

Rabbits are smart animals that are able to learn various tricks and obey simple commands. Find out how to boost rabbit intelligence and what types of training are suitable.

12.2 Toilet training

Toilet training is an important aspect of living with rabbits. Learn effective methods for toilet training rabbits and how to prevent unwanted behavior.

12.3 Enrichment Activities

Providing enrichment activities is essential to promote rabbits' mental health. Discover creative ways to stimulate your rabbits and prevent boredom.

Chapter 13: Rabbits and Other Pets

13.1 Introduction to Other Pets

If you have multiple pets, careful introduction of rabbits to other animals is necessary. Learn how to make this introduction safe and positive.

Chapter 14: Saying Goodbye and Bereavement

14.1 The Importance of Bereavement

The loss of a pet is an emotional experience. Understand the importance of grieving and discover ways to cope with grief after saying goodbye to a beloved rabbit.

14.2 Commemoration and Memorials

Remembrance and creating memorials are ways to keep the memory of a deceased rabbit alive. Learn about different ways to pay tribute to your deceased pet.

14.3 Considering a New Rabbit

When you're ready to welcome a rabbit into your life again, there are important considerations to keep in mind. Learn how to prepare for welcoming a new rabbit and make the transition as smooth as possible.


In this comprehensive guide, we've covered every aspect of rabbit keeping, from their personalities and natural behavior in the wild to practical tips for housing, feeding, healthcare and more. By using this knowledge, you can build a loving and healthy relationship with your rabbits. Remember that every rabbit is unique, so take the time to understand their individual needs and preferences. With the right care and attention, your rabbits will thrive and become a valuable part of your life.

your rabbit definitely deserves a real rabbit specialist

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