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You can order rat food quickly and easily at DRD Rodent Shop ® the Rats Webshop for your Rat!
You can buy rat food for your Rats quickly and easily at DRD Rodent Shop. Do you want to spoil your Rat with healthy, balanced food? You will find different types of rat food for an attractive price. Little One, Mixerama, Versele-Laga, Witte Molen, Supreme and others. Ordering is easy and fast in our Ratten webshop.
The rat is a small, omnivorous mammal. This means that the rat is an omnivore and feeds on a multitude of foods. He belongs to the order of rodents and is very social. In nature, it often lives in groups of up to 100 animals. Its life expectancy is about 4 years and it reaches a body length of 28 cm and a weight of 270 to 400 g.
The current black rat is descended from the brown rat. It originally lived on the mainland in southeastern Siberia, in Mongolia and northeastern China. In the wild, the brown rat exhibits both territorial and colonial behavior, typically occupying underground burrows. Today, the rat can be found almost all over the world. In the tropics and subtropics it only lives in the cities. Also in Europe and North America, it often lives near people and buildings and feels particularly well in partitions or old drains. Rats in the wild often live near water. The rat has its own nutritional needs.
Apart from the lack of a gallbladder, the rat's digestive tract resembles that of other omnivorous rodents in that the stomach contains both non-glandular and glandular regions, the small intestine is of medium length and the cecum is relatively well developed.
The addition of fiber (cellulose) to diets with natural ingredients reduces the digestibility of energy in rats, meaning that rats are less able to get nutrients from fiber. Although 15 to 60% of the fiber is digested.
Rats are omnivores by nature. Characteristic of the rat's digestive system are the lifelong growing incisors, molars that do not grow, a great need for easily digestible carbohydrates and a relatively short cecum. The incisors must be worn down because they continue to grow. This wear occurs by breaking open seeds or gnawing on larger food components. In addition, gnawing wood must always be offered.
Protein: Rats need animal proteins, which are essential for metabolism. The protein content in the diet should be between 12 and 15%. A protein deficiency in rats can have major consequences such as growth retardation, edema formation, muscle breakdown, emaciation and anemia.
Fiber: Rats have a fast metabolism and therefore need energy-rich food with easily digestible carbohydrates. The fiber content in rat food should therefore not be too high.
Fat: The fat content in the diet should not exceed 5%. Rats often have a tendency to quickly become overweight. However, fat is a very important part of the rat's diet, as it provides essential fatty acids (EFA) and a concentrated source of energy, as well as aiding the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.
Calcium: The calcium:phosphorus ratio in a rat's diet should be between 1.1:1 and 1.5:1. Calcium is important for teeth and skeleton.
Incisors: They continue to grow so that the food must provide the necessary tooth wear. Hardness, size and type of feed particles are important here.
Stomach: The stomach consists of one chamber and is separated by a mucous membrane into a part without gland and part with gland.
Small Appendix: Rats have a small appendix. As a result, they can only process raw fibers to a limited extent. Therefore, feed with a crude fiber content of less than 10% is optimal.
Animal proteins: Omnivorous (omnivorous) animals need animal proteins. The valuable amino acids are important for cell renewal and various metabolic processes.
Increased energy requirement: The fast animals have a higher metabolism and therefore a special energy requirement.
Temperature, age and activity influence the energy requirement of the rat.
Feeding rats with a twist
Rats are very intelligent animals and they love to be entertained. We also think of everything for them so that they don't get bored, but we often forget to include the food! We call enriching the diet "feeding with a twist" and we are happy to tell you how you can do it!
Rats are not only highly intelligent, but also agile and social. This is reflected in their everyday behavior during the stay. They communicate with each other, play and sleep together. The animals develop a social structure and their habitat is their play area.
The rat cage is transformed by many owners in a very creative way into a true play paradise, where enrichment is central. Yet the food bowl often remains a boring part of the stay, always in the same place with the same content. Here too you could easily enrich it, the rats will appreciate it!
Changing the location of the feeder
We are certainly not saying that the food bowl should be thrown overboard immediately, but you could place it in different places in the enclosure. One time on the upper plateau, then again at the very bottom of the accommodation and for the advanced perhaps even hide behind a house. Let them search for their food. Make sure you don't make it too difficult, they should be able to find their food and it shouldn't take too long.
Snack balls and plates
A nice variation on the food bowl is the snack ball or snack plate. This is actually a food bowl with a twist. The animals have to make an effort to get to their food. They have to get the ball moving and then also in a certain way so that food comes out. We only recommend this method of feeding next to an existing feeder, so that the animals receive the right amount of food every day.
Although rats are social animals, they don't always enjoy sharing a snack ball. So it is good to keep this in mind when you give a snack ball to the animals for the first time. This is also a nice way to see how the animals behave in this situation, do they like to work together or do they each do it for themselves?
Several animals can participate with a snack plate, this is a team effort because there is more space for several animals. Everyone tries their own hatch. Motivation increases enormously as soon as one of the rats manages to get hold of his kibble and runs off with it. This shows the other rats that there is really something hidden behind them. Place a small amount of food in each hatch and let the animals work for a living.
It is also nice to give food scattered throughout the stay. For example, place a little on top of a hammock, another little behind the house, again a little on a plateau or other nice places. Always make sure that you hide a standard amount, the animals do not have to get twice as much food at once.
Take a standard amount of food that you would give to the animals in a day. Put a little in the food bowl and the rest in a snack ball, snack plate and hide a little more in challenging places. It is important that the places where you put the food are clean, so not around the toilet or pee spots. The animals must be able to reach it and be able to find it well. Check at the end of the day whether all food has been found, if not then help the animals a little. Show them where it is, this will only increase the bond between you!
It is a huge reward for animals when they succeed in something, their self-confidence and happiness rises to unprecedented heights, what more could you want?!
All Rats information at a glance
In the table below we have listed all information about the Ratjes for you.
LxW together min.
100 x 50 x 70 cm
20% more space for every extra mouse
Stay after ca
|3 - 4 weeks
Depending on the group size
or hiding place
Depending on group size At least 1 larger house
||Climb, hide, gnaw, discover, dig, tunnels|
|No need for preventive treatment,
only with symptoms
|Way of life
Together or alone
Mice are social animals that must be kept together. Always consult with the breeder or the shelter.
Mice have a specific smell, which is especially noticeable in the male mice.