Mus musculus domesticus, Family Muridae, Order Rodentia
Mus musculus domesticus is generally considered to be the wild animal. On the basis of new research there would also be similarities with other species (Mus musculus musculus and Mus musculus castaneus).
Head-body length : 6.5 to 9.5 cm
Details of the anatomy
Body weight: 20 to 40 g
Life expectancy : 2 to 3 years
- Tooth formula: 1013/1013 Cutting teeth continue to grow. (Ratio of cutting teeth at the top - bottom = 1: 3)
- Choosing does not continue to grow.
- Cutting teeth at the front have an orange-yellow glaze.
- One-piece stomach with mucosal fold.
- Small appendix with limited ability to process raw fibers. Blind bowel spoons are only eaten in case of food shortage.
Spread of the mouse
- originally from India
- nowadays almost worldwide
Natural habitat of the mouse
Formerly in steppe areas and half deserts
- nowadays both in fields and buildings
- In Western Europe (Mus musculus domesticus) in buildings all year round
- In Eastern Europe (Mus musculus musculus) also in fields
Behavior of the mouse
- Sexually mature: after 28-45 days
- Breeding: after 8-10 weeks
- Roll number: 3-6 per year
- Worm size: 5-13 (Ø6) small ones per litter
- Wearing time: 19-21 days
- Birth weight: 1-2 g, litters
- Weaning age: from week 4
Details of reproduction of the mouse
The color mouse has several cycles per year. The cycle is 4-9 days. The estrus lasts 12-14 hours.
Feeding the mouse
Granivore, partly insectivore / carnivore: seeds, grains, vegetables, fruits (limited amount due to the high sugar content), herbs and animal proteins. Fresh food such as vegetables, herbs and fruit (to a limited extent) may be offered after slow habituation.
Composition of the mouse food
- Crude protein (Rp): 12.5-18%
- Crude fat (RVe): 4-5%
- Crude fiber (RVz): 6-9%
- Calcium (Ca): 0.4-0.7% - with surplus of phosphorus there is a risk of renal calcification 0.3-0.4% (Ca-F ratio: 1-1.5
Housing of the mouse
- in small groups
- a group of several females can usually be kept without problems
- keep 1 neutered male with 1 or 3 - 4 females uncastrated males can not be kept together (fight for the hierarchy)
Position of the mouse cage
- no direct sunlight
- relative humidity 40 - 60%
- elevated location
Size of the mouse cage
- at least 80 x 50 x 80 cm (W x D x H) for 2 - 4 animals
- Free range is possible in domestic animals under supervision
Ground cover for the mouse
- well absorbent
- scented, very ammonia binding
- a high strolayer makes it possible to dig tunnels
- replace regularly (strong smell)
Device of the mouse cage
- several houses and hay or cellulose as nesting material
- connect multiple levels with stairs or hammocks
- climbing branch, tubes of clay or cork
- gnawing eg. Back to the ROOTS Gnawing root pleasure
- feed in firm dishes of clay or ceramics (clean the dishes daily)
- drinking water in bottles or bowls on an increase (change the water daily)
- walking wheel
- bath sand
Handling a mouse
- During the first days, mice need a lot of rest during habituation.
- Color mice are suitable for children from about 10 years of age under the supervision of their parents.
- Shape a cavity with both hands and let the animal climb in it.
- Do not hold the mice by the middle or end of their tail.
- bunnyINTERACTIVE stimulates color mice both mentally and physically, intensifies the bond between owner and animal and improves confidence
Indications of illness
Weight loss, less intake of food and water, altered key and urinating behavior as well as a rough coat include indications of a disease. Save Save Save Save