Mus musculus domesticus, Family Muridae, Order Rodentia
Mus musculus domesticus is generally regarded as the wild animal. Based on new research, there would also be similarities with other species (Mus musculus musculus and Mus musculus castaneus).
Head-rom length : 6.5 to 9.5 cm
Body weight: 20 to 40 g
Life expectancy : 2 to 3 years
Details of the anatomy
- Tooth formula: 1013/1013 Incisors continue to grow. (Ratio of incisors at the top - bottom = 1: 3)
- Choices do not continue to grow.
- Incisors on the front have an orange-yellow enamel layer.
- One-part stomach with mucosal fold.
- Small appendix with limited capacity to process raw fibers. Blindbone keys are only eaten when there is a food shortage.
Spread of the mouse
- probably from India
- almost worldwide nowadays
Natural habitat of the mouse
Previously in steppe areas and half deserts
- nowadays both in fields and buildings
- In Western Europe (Mus musculus domesticus) in buildings all year round
- In Eastern Europe (Mus musculus musculus) also in fields
Behavior of the mouse
- Sexual maturity: after 28-45 days
- Breeding ripen: after 8-10 weeks
- Toss number: 3-6 per year
- Roll size: 5-13 (Ø6) small ones per throw
- Wearing time: 19-21 days
- Birth weight: 1-2 g, nesters
- Weaning age: from week 4
Particulars reproduction of the mouse
The color mouse has several cycles per year. The cycle is 4-9 days. The oestrus lasts 12-14 hours.
Nutrition of the mouse
Granivore, partly insectivore / carnivore: seeds, grains, vegetables, fruits (limited quantity due to the high sugar content), herbs and animal proteins. Fresh food, such as vegetables, herbs and fruit (to a limited extent) may be offered after slow habituation.
Composition of the mouse food
- Crude protein (Rp): 12.5-18%
- Crude fat (RVe): 4-5%
- Raw fibers (RVz): 6-9%
- Calcium (Ca): 0.4-0.7% - with excess phosphorus there is a risk of renal calcification 0.3-0.4% (Ca-F ratio: 1-1.5
- in small groups
- a group of several females can usually be kept without problems
- keep 1 castrated male with 1 or 3 - 4 females uncastrated males must not be kept together (fight for the hierarchy)
Position of the mouse cage
- draft free
- no direct sunlight
- relative humidity 40 - 60%
- elevated place
Size of the mouse cage
- at least 80 x 50 x 80 cm (W x D x H) for 2 - 4 animals
- Free-range is possible with domestic animals under supervision
Ground cover for the mouse
- good absorbent
- odor-binding, very ammonia-binding
- a high straw layer makes digging tunnels possible
- replaced regularly (strong odor)
Furnishing the mouse cage
- several houses and hay or cellulose as nesting material
- connect multiple levels with stairs or hammocks
- climbing branch, clay or cork tubes
- rods, for example. Back to the ROOTS Gnaw root pleasure
- feed in sturdy clay or ceramic dishes (clean the dishes daily)
- drinking water in bottles or dishes on a raised level (change the water daily)
- running wheel
- bath sand
Handling a mouse
- During the first few days, color mice need a lot of rest during habituation.
- Coloring mice are suitable for children from around 10 years old under the supervision of their parents.
- Form a cavity with both hands and allow the animal to climb into it.
- Do not hold the mice at the center or end of their tail.
- bunnyINTERACTIVE stimulates color mice both mentally and physically, intensifies the bond between owner and animal and improves confidence
Indications of illness
Loss of weight, less intake of feed and water, altered key and urinary behavior as well as a rough coat are indications of an illness. Save Save Save Save