The guinea pig
Although they are on the menu in some countries, they are precious pets in the Netherlands that you will love in seconds!
The Guinea pig's way of communicating is very recognisable. The beeps as soon as the fridge opens and the cheerful look when he sees you with something delicious. Beautiful!
Guinea pigs are very friendly animals that live in groups. A guinea pig should never be kept alone in our home. Always at least two guinea pigs.
- Systematics: Cavia tschudii, Family Cavidae, Order Rodenita
- Head-torso length: 30 cm (20 to 40 cm)
- Body weight: 450 to 1,000 g (max. up to 1,800 g), males are larger than females
- Life expectancy : 6 to 8 years
Details of the anatomy of the guinea pig
Weakly muscled stop stomach: By ingesting several very small portions per day, the food slurry is pushed to the rear part of the intestines. Lifelong growth of the incisors and molars: The tooth wear occurs during eating because the teeth rub against each other. The duration of feed intake is extended when eating crude fibres, which are intensively ground. Relatively large cecum: Conversion of fine, crude cell substances by the positive intestinal flora into protein-rich and vitamin B-containing cecum droppings. These are eaten directly from the anus and undergo a second passage through the intestines.
Unlimited feeding is possible with CaviaDroom because it meets the energy needs of young animals during their growth process resp. to the needs of adult animals.
TriMellos® have a 3-fibre mix:
- I . Raw fibers promote tooth wear.
- I I. Fine particles (< 0.3 mm) enter the cecum and are metabolized by the positive intestinal flora.
- II II. Particles > 0.3 mm stimulate bowel movement. Sudden feed changes should be avoided.
Distribution of the guinea pig in the wild
- originally from South America
- • tschudi guinea pigs live at high altitudes in the Andes Mountains (1,600 - 4,200 m) in Peru, Bolivia and Argentina.
Natural habitat of the Guinea pig
- open landscapes with low vegetation of grasses and herbs in the austere environment of Paramos and Puna
- wild guinea pigs move in dense vegetation through networks of cavities and pits
CaviaDroom is precisely tailored to the diet of guinea pigs that are kept as pets and contains all the necessary nutrients, vitamins, minerals and micronutrients.
Behavior of the Guinea Pig
- pets are active during the day and at dusk, wild guinea pigs are mainly active at dusk and at night
- • jovial, in social groups with harems and territorial behaviour
Guinea pigs make themselves known with sounds and have a large repertoire of sounds.
Reproduction of the Guinea Pig
- Sexual maturity: females after 4-6 weeks males after 3 - 10 weeks
- Ready for breeding: females after 3-5 months males after 2.5-5 months
- Throws: 2-3 per year
- Throw Size: 1-5 small ones per throw
- Wearing time: 63-70 days
- Birth weight: 50 g - 100 g, nest flies
- Weaning age: from week 6
We recommend feeding CaviaDroom YOUNG up to and including 5 months for an optimal growth process. You can then feed the animal CaviaDroom BASIC. Early castration of males after 6 weeks makes it possible to keep a pair from the start.
Details of the reproduction of the Guinea pig
Females are fertile again 6 to 15 hours after parturition (postpartum estrus). Sex differences: the female genital opening has the shape of a "Y", in the male the round genital opening and the anus are further apart.
Feeding the guinea pig
foli herbivore: The diet consists of a multitude of green plants supplemented with carrots, vegetables and fruit. Due to the high sugar content, fruit may only be offered in limited quantities. Provide plenty of good quality hay and fresh drinking water daily. Give branches to gnaw on. Fresh food can be given from week 6. The amount of fresh food and also the amount of grass that the animals are allowed to eat outdoors should be increased slowly so that the intestinal flora can adapt and digestive problems can be prevented.
Balanced long-life recipe: The nutritional needs vary according to the different life stages: CaviaDroom is precisely tailored to this from YOUNG to SENIOR. Hay from protected meadows and FreshGras Hay are characterized by a multitude of green plants and herbs (biodiversity). The long, crispy stems ensure optimal tooth wear.
Good Composition of Guinea pig food
- Crude protein (Rp): 12 - 14%
- Crude fat (RVe): 2 - 3 %
- Crude fibers (RVz): 18-22%
- Raw fiber-starch ratio: at least 3 : 1
An optimum raw fiber-starch ratio meets the energy requirements of adult animals or animals. the growth phase of young animals. This protects the animal from being overweight.
- Calcium (Ca): Adult animals: 0.6 - 0.8%, 0.6% Ca to avoid bladder stones/stones. Young animals: 0.9 - 1.0 % for bone formation during the growth phase
- Phosphorus (F): 0.4 - 0.6% (Ca-F ratio: 1.5 - 2 : 1)
Mono-component feed (TriMello®) prevents the selection of energy-rich components and avoids a shortage of nutrients. The sensitive cecum flora can gradually adapt thanks to a step-by-step change in the food. The transition from starchy, low fiber muesli or extrudate to the bunny food is easier when giving Nature Shuttle. TriMellos® with grains and native, healthy components are the right intermediate step when switching to low-starch, high-fibre bunny food.
Guinea pigs cannot produce vitamin C themselves and need a daily supply of vitamin C (10 - 20 mg per kg body weight). CaviaDroom contains at least 600 mg of stabilized vitamin C and thus covers a higher need for vitamin C in stressful situations and illness.
Housing of the Guinea Pig
Don't just keep; we recommend keeping at least one pair: 1 neutered male and 1 to 3 females. In a group of males, unneutered animals can bite each other after reaching sexual maturity. Do not keep with rabbits or other rodents.
Rabbits and guinea pigs cannot communicate with each other. While rabbits make themselves understood with body language (hugging each other, mutual grooming) and smells, guinea pigs communicate through sounds and smells.
Position of the guinea pig cage
- no direct sunlight
- relative humidity below 70%
- optimum ambient temperature 18 to 22° C
Drafts in combination with high humidity increase the risk of respiratory infections. To avoid association with predators, the cage/hutch should be on an elevation and the opening should be on the side.
Guinea pig cage size
- at least 120 x 60 x 50 cm (W x D x H) for 2 guinea pigs
- for each additional animal, the surface area must be 20% larger
- also offer the possibility to walk out on a daily basis (under supervision!)
The development of natural behaviour, such as extensive exploration and play, is mainly stimulated by letting the animal roam freely - also in the house.
Ground cover for the Guinea pig
- good absorbent
- odor-binding, highly ammonia-binding
- replaced regularly
Litter from the bunny Bedding series eg Absorber (on the bottom of the cage) in combination with Comfort or Linum shows all the good properties of high-quality bedding. It is optimal for guinea pigs to walk on.
Furnishing of the guinea pig accommodation
- 1 house with two openings per animal
- raised berth
- gnawing wood
- feed in sturdy clay or ceramic dishes (clean the dishes daily)
- drinking water in bottles or bowls (change the water daily)
- hay in coverable rack
Country house for the guinea pig
- all year round possible
- Provide protection from direct sunlight (at least half of the coop must be in the shade), rain, wind and predators
- take measures against digging under the fence of the loft
- frost-free house / shelter
Especially in guinea pigs that are kept outside in a hutch, their backsides should be checked daily, especially in the summer months, in order to detect any fly maggots (myiasis) in time.
Handling the Guinea Pig
- During the first days, guinea pigs need a lot of rest to get used to it.
- Guinea pigs are suitable for children from 8 years old under parental supervision
- Lift guinea pigs with hands wrapped around their chest and pelvis.
- bunnyINTERACTIVE stimulates guinea pigs both mentally and physically, intensifies the bond between owner and animal and improves confidence.
The Enjoy Nature range offers a variety of natural products that are suitable for building trust during the habituation period and as an incentive for play and exploration behaviour. Check the health of the animal daily, regularly check the incisors, the anogenital area, the coat and the nails. A weight check should be done once a week.
Indications of Disease in the Guinea Pig
Weight loss, reduced intake of food and water, altered defecation and urination behavior as well as a shaggy coat are, among other things, indications of a disease.
To determine the cause and treatment, a veterinarian should be consulted as soon as possible. If the tooth abrasion in the guinea pig is not progressing correctly, treatments under general anesthesia should be performed by a veterinarian.