Basic equipment for Rats

Where to start when it comes to basic furnishings for Rats? We are happy to help! Rats are intelligent animals that need a lot of challenge in the enclosure.

Very important when keeping Rats is the fact that the animals are social, they really need to be kept together so that they can show their natural social behavior and be happy! In the summary below we explain why we opted for this basic furnishing. At the bottom are the products we have devised for the animals.

Ground cover

The bedding for Rats is something that we have to consider very carefully. Many or perhaps most Rats have very sensitive airways, which means that they cannot tolerate dusty bedding. In addition, rats produce a strong urine smell. So the choice of floor covering is very important. We have opted for a 100% dust-free ground cover as a basis: Back 2 Nature 30 liters. This is the largest and most favorable package for Rats. This allows the bottom of the accommodation to be covered and used as a filling for the toilet. For the rat house the base will be low around 5 cm.

Play layer

The play layer is a concept developed by us for different animals and can be used in different ways. We chose the Cardboard & Cardboard Mix for the basic furnishing, because it is versatile and absorbs particularly well. For the Rats, we recommend partially covering the basic bedding with a play layer. This layer ensures that the animals can forage (search for food). This is a very important part of natural behavior and eliminates a very large part of boredom. You can preferably scatter some of your own food in the play area so that the animals have to work for their food.


This should definitely not be missing, even if the animals are not (yet) toilet trained, the toilet has to go in! We have tried many different types of toilets and what we actually see very often with Rats is that they are too lazy to climb all the way down to the toilet from their hammock at the top of the cage. Fortunately, we managed to tackle this problem thanks to a toilet that you can easily hang at any height in the accommodation. Most toilets have a weak suspension system, but this one has a very robust suspension system so that the animals can relieve themselves at great heights with peace of mind and that saves pooping in other places where you don't want them!

PS: You can fill the toilet with Back 2 Nature

Urine Spray

Absolute MUST HAVE for Rats! Rats make small puddles to mark their territory. At a certain point it will smell strongly in the accommodation. It is especially the parts that are difficult to clean, such as climbing ropes, climbing frames, etc. that you can ideally treat with the CSI Spray. Just inject, let it dry and a little later the urine has broken down.


Playing and clambering is what most Rats love to do, so we've added a lot of climbing and playing options in our basic package. However, there is a difference between males and females. Females are more active than males. The males need more incentive to take action, luckily we have tricks for that too. If you need help with this, feel free to let us know!

Rat toys and cage decor

sleeping house

As a sleeping house we have chosen the Sputnik, Rats love it! All rats love it! We haven't seen a rat who doesn't like this hanging house. The sputnik is actually a cross between a sleeping house and a hammock made of plastic. As the headquarters of the animals, it is wonderfully easy to keep clean = efficient for the owner! Below we will talk about nesting material that the animals take to their home themselves. We have also added other hammocks and beds to our basic advice, because Ratjes love these to lie in. Rats are social animals, they like to sleep together, but if it is for example too hot or they want to isolate themselves for whatever reason, it should always be possible for them to do so. Hence the extra hammocks and sleeping places. In addition, they also offer an extra challenge.

Nest material / Play material

We call it official nesting material, but for Ratjes it is also a bit of play material. The Crinkle paper is great fun to put in a digging bucket, for example, and let the animals look for candies or treats. A nice side effect of playing and tossing in paper is that the fur becomes clean, this can be a good idea, especially for the male Rats. The animals will also often take the Crinkle paper with them to their sleeping place. An advantage of paper is that it is dry and absorbs well.

rat food

Only the best please! There are different types of rat food, we opt for an all in one chunk from Supreme. We consciously chose this food, because it is made from vegetable proteins, the urine of the animals smells less strongly.

gnawing material

As gnawing material we have chosen responsible gnawing material consisting of 100% natural hazelnut wood sprinkled with dried vegetables and herbs. The animals like to nibble on it and can also frame their teeth in this way.


We've added special climbing sticks that help wear down the nails as the animals climb over them. It is nice to place these sticks diagonally above each other as a kind of staircase to a higher part of the accommodation.


As a snack we opted for a combination of goodies with a challenge. The sniffing forest game makes sure that the animals have to think and make an effort to get to the treats. On the one hand, this provides a lot of entertainment and, on the other hand, satisfaction when they get their hands on the goodies. The snuffelbos can be filled with very responsible grain-free vegetables and herbal drops.

drinking bottle

They are the simplest bottles, but they work the best!

Below are all the products that we have described above. You can easily order the products below that you would like to include in your basic interior and if you have any questions or need help, please let us know!

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